top of page

What Causes Acne?

ance treatment bangkok clinic

Understanding Acne: What Causes Those Unwanted Breakouts?

Acne, one of the most common skin conditions, affects millions of people of all ages around the world. But what exactly causes those pesky breakouts? In this informative guide, we'll explore the various factors that contribute to acne development.

1. Excess Sebum Production:

  • Sebaceous Glands: Acne often begins when the sebaceous glands, located at the base of hair follicles, produce too much oil (sebum). This excess oil can clog pores and provide an ideal environment for acne-causing bacteria to thrive.

2. Clogged Pores:

  • Dead Skin Cells: Our skin continuously sheds dead skin cells, which usually slough off naturally. However, when these cells don't shed properly, they can combine with sebum and become trapped within hair follicles, forming comedones (blackheads and whiteheads).

3. Bacterial Infection:

  • Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes): This bacterium naturally resides on our skin but can multiply rapidly when pores are clogged. P. acnes produces substances that cause inflammation and redness, leading to the formation of pimples and pustules.

4. Hormonal Fluctuations:

  • Androgens: Hormones, especially androgens, play a significant role in acne development. Hormonal fluctuations, such as those that occur during puberty, pregnancy, and menstruation, can stimulate the sebaceous glands to produce more oil, increasing the likelihood of acne.

5. Diet and Lifestyle:

  • Dietary Factors: Although more research is needed, some studies suggest that certain diets high in sugar and dairy may contribute to acne in some individuals.

  • Stress: Chronic stress can trigger hormonal changes that affect the skin's oil production, potentially worsening acne.

6. Genetics:

  • Family History: If your parents or siblings had acne, you may be more prone to it due to genetic factors. Genetics can influence how your skin responds to hormonal changes and inflammation.

7. Cosmetics and Skin Care Products:

  • Comedogenic Products: Some cosmetics and skin care products contain ingredients that can clog pores and lead to acne. Choosing non-comedogenic products can help prevent breakouts.

8. Environmental Factors:

  • Humidity and Pollution: Environmental conditions can impact skin health. High humidity and exposure to pollution can exacerbate acne for some individuals.

9. Medications:

  • Certain Medications: Some medications, including certain birth control pills and steroids, can affect hormone levels and potentially lead to acne as a side effect.

It's important to remember that acne is a complex condition, and its causes can vary from person to person. While some factors, like genetics, are beyond your control, others, such as your skincare routine and diet, can be adjusted to help manage and prevent breakouts.

If you're struggling with acne, seeking guidance from a dermatologist or skincare professional can provide personalized solutions and treatment options tailored to your specific needs. Understanding the root causes of your acne is the first step toward achieving clearer, healthier skin.

acne treatment before and after bangkok

For English version of this site on a mobile device, tap the menu icon (three lines) in the upper left corner.

bottom of page